Toyota Land Cruiser Repair Manual Nissan Repair Manuals

Toyota Land Cruiser Repair Manual

The Toyota J40 is the model designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 show made of 1960 until 1984. The design was readily available because the FJ40 show and also BJ40/41/42, BJ43/44/46 or HJ45/47 designation in which they have a Diesel

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Toyota Land Cruiser - Chassis and Body Genuine Manual - Rare - Covers RJ70 RJ73 LJ70 LJ73 PZJ70 PZJ73 PZJ75 HZJ70 HZJ73 HZJ75 FJ70 FJ73 FJ75 Rare genuine Toyota Chassis/Body workshop manual (does NOT cover engines) .Series RJ70 RJ73 LJ70 LJ73 PZJ70 PZJ73 PZJ75 HZJ70 HZJ73 HZJ75 FJ70 FJ73 FJ75FJ80 HZJ80 HDJ80. Covers Clutch Manual and Automatic Transmission Propeller Shaft Transfer Case Suspension Brakes Steering Electrical Body Winch and Air-conditioning. Used manual in good condition. Has some stains and creasing but all very readable. click here

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Toyota Land Cruiser 60 70 and 80 series 4.0 and 4.2 litre Diesel Gregory Service and Repair Manual 1980-1998 Toyota Landcruiser Diesel 4WD 1980 - 1998 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers Hardtop Wagon Utility Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Standard RV GXL Sahara. Series Covered - HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 HDJ80 Diesel Engines Covered: - 4.0 litre "2H" 6 Cylinder OHV Indirect Injection - 4.0 litre "12H-T" 6 Cylinder OHV Direct Injection Turbocharged - 4.2 litre "1HZ" 6 Cylinder SOHC - 4.2 litre "1HD-T" 6 Cinderyl SOHC Direct Turbocharged - 4.2 litre "1HD-FT" 6 Cylinder SOHC Direct Turbo 24v. Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregorys manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregorys workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary considerably more details

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engine repair
Toyota Land Cruiser (Diesel) 1980 - 1998 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Diesel Engined Land Cruiser HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 and HDJ80.Does NOT cover BK or Colorado models.Diesel Engines covered:#9679; 4.0 litre (3980 cc) quot;2H 12H-Tquot; OHV 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HZquot; OHC 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HD-Tquot; OHC 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HD-FTquot; OHC 24-valve ()Transmissions described:#9679; H41 and H42 4-speed manual (1990 and earlier)#9679; H55F 5-speed manual (1990 and earlier plus 1990 and later 70 series)#9679; H140F H150F and H151F 5-speed manual (80 series)#9679; A440F or A442F 4-speed automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and information

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Toyota Landcruiser BJ HJ LJ 1972 - 1990 Diesel - Ellery Repair Manual NEW NEW 400 pages Toyota Landcruiser Diesel BJ HJ LJ 1972 - 1990 Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Toyota Landcruiser Diesel BJ HJ and LJ - 40's 55's 60's 70's and Bundera. Toyota though four and six cylinder models with all the body styles needed to go anywhere any time. All of these models are featured in these manuals just what you need when contemplating a trip. We have covered all the information the enthusiast needs from a grease and oil change to a full rebuild. Engines covered: B 3B 13B-T L 2L 2L-T (2446cc) H 2H (3980cc) and 12H-T (3980cc turbo). Contents: # Introduction. # Engine Tune-Up and Maintenance. # Diesel Engines: B 3B 13B-T L 2L 2L-T H 2H 12H-T. # Diesel Fuel Systems. # Lubrication System. # Cooling System. # Starter and Alternator System. # Turbocharger. click here.....

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repair and maintenance

Toyota Landcruiser 1990 - 2007 Diesel - Ellery Repair Manual NEW NEW 500 pages This is an excellent manual with over 500 pages. It has step by step instructions covering all aspects of the vehicles. The manual Covers station wagons utilities troop carriers and tray models. The first chapter "Engine tune-up and maintenance" guides you through the most basic maintenance and tune-up. It includes the specifications required regardless of whether you are an owner wishing to change the oil or a mechanic requiring specifications for tune-up and maintenance. Engine chapter - We have covered all 6 cylinder diesel engines 1HZ 1HD-T 1HD-FT and 1HD-FTE that Toyota ran from 1990 to 2002. Turbocharged engines are included. This chapter is full of step by step instructions plus plenty of photographs and line illustrations to give the reader explicit detail suitable for everyone regardless of whether you require minor engine work or a major rebuild. Transmission and Transfer chapters - 4 chapters (51 pages) cover all manual and automatic transmissions for these vehicles. Step by step instructions and photographs are included. Diesel fuel chapters cov click to go

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Toyota 2H 12H-T Engine Repair Factory Manual USED USED - stained cover but otherwise in good condition Genuine Factory Manual 1985 2H The 2H is a 4.0 L (3 980 cc) inline 6 12 valve OHV indirect injection diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm with a compression ratio of 20.7:1. Output is 105 PS (77 kW) at 3 500 rpm - later production years 107 hp (80 kW) with 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) of torque at 2 000 rpm. Toyota Land Cruiser HJ47 HJ60 HJ75 Toyota Dyna HU20 30 40 50 Toyota Coaster HB20 30 12H-T The 12H-T is a 4.0 L (3 980 cc) inline 6 12 valve OHV turbocharged direct injection diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Output is 134 hp (100 kW) at more info

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Toyota Land Cruiser (Petrol Diesel) 2007-2016 (Series 76 78 79 200 202) Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers Wagon Utility Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Series Covered: * UZJ200R URJ2002R VDJ200R * VDJ76R VDJ78R VDJ79R Petrol Engines Covered: * 4.6 litre V8 (1UR-FE) URJ200R * 4.7 litre V8 (2UZ-FE) UZJ200R Diesel Engines Covered: * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) - VDJ200R * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) - VDJ76R/78R/79R Contents: * Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Jacking and Towing; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Safety First!; Conversion Factors; Troubleshooting * Routine Maintenance * Petrol Engines * Diesel Engines * General Engine Overhaul Procedures * more details.....

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pdf maintenance
Toyota Land Cruiser (Petrol Diesel) 2007 - 2016 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the following Series - UZJ200R URJ200R VDJ200R VDJ76R VDJ78R VDJ79R Petrol Engines Covered: * 4.6 litre V8 (1UR-FE) URJ200R * 4.7 litre V8 (2UZ-FE) UZJ200R Diesel Engines Covered: * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) - VDJ200R * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) - VDJ76R/78R/79R Contents: * Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Jacking and Towing; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Safety First!; Conversion Factors; Troubleshooting * Routine Maintenance * Petrol Engines * Diesel Engines * General Engine Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating and Air Conditioning * Fuel and Exhaust Systems - Petrol Engines * Fuel and Exhaust Systems - Diesel Engines * Engine Electrical Systems * Emissions and Engine Control Systems * Manual Transmission and Transfer Case (H150F / HF1A0) * Automatic Transmission and Transfer Case (A750 considerably more details

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Toyota 2H Engine Repair Factory Manual USED USED - good condition Genuine Factory Manual 1980 more tips

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service manual
Toyota Land Cruiser Petrol and Diesel 78 79 100 and 105 series 1998-2007 Gregorys Service and Repair Manual NEW - Paperback Toyota Land Cruiser 4WD Petrol Diesel 1998 - 2007 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual Covers the following Vehicles: - Wagon Utility Hardtop Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Standard RV GXL - 78 and 79 series - 100 series - 105 series Engines Covered: - 4.2 litre (4164 cc) "1HZ" indirect-injection SOHC 6 cylinder diesel - 4.2 litre (4164 cc) "1HD-FTE" direct-injection SOHC 6 cylinder turbo diesel - 4.5 litre '1FZ-FE' 6 Cylinder Petrol - 4 7 litre '2UZ-FE' V8 Petrol Transmissions covered: - R151F 5-speed manual - A442F 4-speed automatic - HF1A transfer case Contents: - Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Jacking and Towing; Boost here


repair workshop
Toyota Land Cruiser (Diesel) 1980 - 1998 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Diesel Engined Land Cruiser HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 and HDJ80.Does NOT cover BK or Colorado models.Diesel Engines Covered:* 4.0 litre (3980 cc) "2H 12H-T" OHV 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) "1HZ" OHC 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) "1HD-T" OHC 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) "1HD-FT" OHC 24-valve ()Transmissions Covered:* H41 and H42 4-speed manual (1990 and earlier)* H55F 5-speed manual (1990 and earlier plus 1990 and later 70 series)* H140F H150F and H151F 5-speed manual (80 series)* A440F or A442F 4-speed automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described fo more advice

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Toyota Land Cruiser 78 79 100 105 Series Petrol Diesel 1998 - 2007 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: Toyota Land Cruiser Petrol Diesel Series 78 79 100 and 105. Petrol Engines Covered: - 4.5 litre (4 477cc) DOHC 1FZ-FE - 4.7 litre (4 664cc) DOHC 2UZ-FE Diesel Engines Covered: - 4.2 litre (4164cc) SOHC 1HZ Indirect Injection 6 Cylinder - 4.2 litre (4164cc) SOHC 1HD-FTE Direct Injection 6 Cylinder Turbo Transmissions Transfer Cases Covered: - "R151F" 5 Speed Manual Transmission (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly) - "H150F H151F" 5 Speed Manual Transmission (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly) - "A442F" 4 speed automatic transmission (removal/installation cables linkages inhibitor switch oil seals but not overhaul) - "HF1A" Dual Range Part-Time 4WD Transfer Case (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly diff lock shift motor) - "HF2A" Dual Range Constant 4WD with Locking Differential Transfer Case (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly diff lock shift motor) Contents: - Introductory Pag more information.....

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Toyota Land Cruiser - Chassis and Body Genuine Manual (Heavy Duty) - Covers FJ62 FJ70 FJ73 FJ75 BJ60 BJ70 BJ73 BJ75 HJ60 HJ75 USED October 1984 - good condition has marks and tears but all very readable. Does not cover the engine. Covers Clutch transmission (4 speed H41 and H42 and 3 speed J30) transfer case propeller shaft front and rear axles steering brakes winch fram body and electrical. click to go

The Toyota J40 is the model designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 show made of 1960 until 1984. More 40 show Land Cruisers are built as two-door motors with a little bigger proportions than a Jeep CJ.

The design was readily available because the FJ40 show and also BJ40/41/42, BJ43/44/46 or HJ45/47 designation in which they have a Diesel motor. The Land Cruisers built-in Brazil from 1958 to 1962 obtained the series code FJ25 and FJ25L but are often referred to as FJ-251, as well as in 1961 because of a unique motor known as 2F - never to become confounded with the later 2F system from 1975 - there still came out some few products with all the show code FJ-151L. Using the design name altered to Bandeirante after 1961, those built from 1962 to 1993 - with Mercedes-Benz machines - obtained OJ50/55 show and the ones built from 1994 to 2001 - with Toyota machines - BJ50/55 series model rules.
Solenoid or piezoelectric valves create possible fine electronic control over the gas shot time and amount, while the higher force your typical train tech makes available provides best gas atomisation. To reduce motor sound, the motor's electric controls device can inject handful of diesel just before the key injections occasion, thus reducing their explosiveness and vibration, and optimising injection timing and volume for variants in gasoline high quality, cool beginning and so forth. Some higher level typical train gasoline techniques perform as many as five shots per swing.

Typical train engines need a really brief to no heating-up time, based on background heat, and emit reduced engine noise and emissions than elderly systems.

Diesel machines have actually historically made use of various types of gas injections. Two typical sort include the unit shot program and also the distributor/inline pump techniques. While these old techniques supplied precise gasoline quantity and shot time control, they were limited by a few facets:

These people were cam driven, and shot force is proportional to engine speeds. This typically implied that finest injection pressure could simply be achieved at the greatest engine rate in addition to greatest attainable injection force decreased as system speed reduced. This partnership does work with pumps, even those used on typical train systems. With device or provider techniques, the injection stress was linked with the instantaneous pressure of an individual pumping occasion with no accumulator, and so the connection is more prominent and troublesome.
They certainly were restricted within the number and timing of injections events that could be commanded during an individual burning event. While several shot events tend to be possible with your older systems, it really is much more hard and expensive to accomplish.
When it comes to typical distributor/inline program, the start of injections taken place at a pre-determined stress and concluded at a pre-determined pressure. This characteristic resulted from "dummy" injectors when you look at the cylinder mind which established and sealed at pressures based on the springtime preload put on the plunger within the injector. When the pressure in injector achieved a pre-determined degree, the plunger would raise and injections would beginning.

In common railway methods, a high-pressure pump shops a reservoir of gas at high pressure — as much as and above 2,000 bars. The term "common rail" is the proven fact that every one of the gasoline injectors tend to be supplied by a common gas rail which can be simply a pressure accumulator in which the gas are saved at questionable. This accumulator supplies numerous gas injectors with high-pressure gasoline. This simplifies the objective of the high-pressure pump in that it just needs to manage a commanded force at a target. The gasoline injectors are generally ECU-controlled. If the gas injectors is electrically activated, a hydraulic valve was mechanically or hydraulically established and fuel try sprayed to the cylinders at the desired pressure. Considering that the gasoline stress energy is accumulated from another location and the injectors were electrically actuated, the injection force in the beginning and end of shot is extremely close to the stress when you look at the accumulator, therefore making a square shot rates. If accumulator, pump and plumbing work is size properly, the injection stress and price would be the exact same for every regarding the numerous shot activities.
The fundamental procedure can be described as a series of four individual steps: the filling phase, the spill phase, the injection stage, additionally the pressure decrease phase.

A decreased stress fuel distribution pump supplies blocked diesel fuel into the cylinder mind gasoline ducts, and into each injector fuel interface of continual swing pump plunger injector, that will be overhead camshaft run.

Fill state
The constant stroke pump element along the way up draws gas through the supply duct into the chamber, and as lengthy as electric solenoid device stays de-energized gasoline line are available.
Spill stage
The pump element try on your way down, and also as lengthy as solenoid valve continues to be de-energized the fuel line try open and gas flows in through to the return duct.
Injection stage
The pump factor continues to be in route down, the solenoid is energized and gas range is now shut. The fuel cannot pass back into return duct, and is today squeezed by the plunger until force exceeds certain "opening" stress, as well as the injector nozzle needle lifts, permitting fuel to be injected to the burning chamber.
Pressure decrease phase
The plunger is still coming down, the system ECU de-energizes the solenoid when required level of gasoline is delivered, the gasoline valve starts, fuel can stream back in return duct, causing pressure fall, which often produces the injector nozzle needle to shut, hence you can forget gas was injected.

The start of a shot was monitored by the solenoid finishing aim, as well as the injected gasoline volume depends upon the closing time, the period of time the solenoid keeps shut. The solenoid operation are totally influenced by the engine ECU.
The reputation for the J show from initial 1951 Toyota Jeep BJ through J20 series see Land Cruiser History from 1950 to 1955.

1960: J40 show launched/2,430 mm/2,650 mm).
1963: extended wheelbase), FJ45-B, pickup and cab-chassis are added).
1967: End of four-door FJ45V) production, replaced by FJ55 facility wagon).

2-door FJ45-B renamed FJ45).

1973?: HJ45 established utilizing the H, 3.6-litre inline 6-cylinder diesel motor.
1974: BJ40/43 established with the B, 3.0-litre inline 4-cylinder diesel motor. A factory-fitted roll club becomes standard in the us.
1975: backside ambulance doors were added to US design FJ40s. The lift gate stays offered as an option far away.
1976: disk brakes from the front axle.
1977: entry way vent microsoft windows, eliminated, vent microsoft windows regarding the tough top in america
1979: energy steering and air conditioning put into the choices, equipment ratios altered from 4:10 to 3:70 in the United States to be additional freeway friendly
1980: HJ47 launched with a 4.0-liter six-cylinder diesel system. End of HJ45 manufacturing.

BJ42/46 and BJ45 established with a 3.4-liter four-cylinder diesel engine.

1981: energy steering added on the BJ products to the choices, disk brake system added in Australian Continent.
1984: End of J40 series production.
1993: Five-speed transmission becomes readily available for the Toyota Bandeirante.
1994: In Brazil, the Mercedes-Benz OM-364 motor is replaced because of the Toyota 14B unit.
2001: End of Bandeirante production.

1984 — 70 show is introduced as a soft-top, hard-top, FRP top, energy, cab-chassis, and Troop Carrier.The petrol motor had been replaced with a 4.0 L 3F system. The 70 Light had a four-wheel coil springtime solid-axle suspension system for best ride quality. This light task form of the Land Cruiser had the 22R 2.4 L gas system, 2L and 2L-T 2.4 L diesel engines generally found in the Toyota Hilux. The 70 Light is marketed in certain markets given that Bundera or the Landcruiser II, later on called 70 Prado. The 70 Prado eventually shot to popularity and evolved in to the 90. A computerized transmission is launched making it 1st four-wheel drive Japanese car with an automatic transmission.
1990 — New-generation diesel engines were launched like a 3.4 L five-cylinder SOHC naturally aspirated engine,and a 4.2 L six-cylinder SOHC obviously aspirated engine.
1993 to 1996 — the KZ 3.0 L turbocharged diesel system replaced the LJ into the 70 show in European areas where this design is referred to as KZJ70.
1993 — an enhanced 24-valve, 4.5 L six-cylinder petrol engine, 1FZ-FE is introduced.
1999 — Toyota updated the 70 series in lot of techniques. The solid front axle got coil-spring suspension system. The rear leaf springs were lengthened for increasing ride comfort and wheel travel. The six-bolt tires are replaced with five-bolt rims. A number of modest modifications into drivetrain offered increasing durability. The long-wheel-base systems received brand-new designations: 78 when it comes to troop service, and 79 for the pick-up.
2002 — HDJ79 try introduced to Australia utilizing the 1HD-FTE 4.2 L six-cylinder 24-valve turbodiesel EFI engine.
2007 — Toyota's very first turbodiesel V8 system, the 1VD-FTV was released in certain countries when it comes to 70 show Land Cruiser. Various other changes range from the choice of a 4-door medium-wheel-base design and an altered forward look on all designs.
2012 – choice of this 79 Double taxi pickup, in Southern Africa and Australia.
The Sixth and Seventh generations of Land Cruiser are being produced and marketed in African and Latin American regions. Production in Venezuela ended in 2008.
The 70 show is also still promoted in Australia as 4-door truck, 2-door 'Troop Carrier', 2 home cab-chassis and 4 home cab-chassis.

The Toyota 1VD-FTV engine could be the very first V8 diesel system generated by Toyota. It's a 32-Valve DOHC, with Common railway gasoline injection and either one or two adjustable geometry turbochargers.
Motors and accessibility

The single-turbo variant of this engine was first utilized in Australian Continent commencing March 2007, suited to the 70-series Land Cruiser range. The motor will come in Australia, Asia, core and south usa.

The twin-turbo variation saw their earliest use within September 2007 suited to the 200-series secure Cruiser truck, which will be for sale in numerous worldwide areas. It is also installed in certain variations of the Lexus LX570 wagon.

Designation: 1VD-FTV
Type: V8 DOHC 32 Valve Variable Geometry Intercooled Turbo Diesel
Displacement: 4,461 cc
Compression ratio: 16.8:1
Bore x Stroke: 86 x 96
Fuel System: Common Rail Direct Shot
Greatest power: Single turbo: 151 kW @ 3400 rpm; Twin turbo: 195 kW at 3400 rpm
Optimum torque: solitary turbo: 430 N·m @ 1200-3200 rpm; Twin turbo: 650 N·m @ 1600-2600 rpm
Gasoline Consumption: solitary turbo: 11.9 l/100 km; Twin turbo: 10.3 l/100 km
The Land Cruiser 55 ended up being made out of 1967 to 1980. Toyota refers to the FJ55G and FJ55V due to the fact very first "real" facility wagon inside Land Cruiser show, hence marking the start of the station wagon department. It had been the initial Land Cruiser to possess fully enclosed package framework users. Of all Land Cruiser wagons sold into the U.S., like the FJ45, it's the only one not to have hatch and tailgate when you look at the rear, but instead a tailgate only with an electrically run screen which can be retracted to the tailgate.

1967 — creation of the FJ55 started. The FJ55 ended up being a 4-door place wagon version based on the FJ40's Drive-train, replacing the 4-Door FJ45V. It absolutely was colloquially known as the "Moose". It has in addition been referred to as a "pig" or an "iron pig". The FJ55 have an extended wheelbase 2700 mm and had been made to feel marketed in North America and Australian Continent.
Jan 1975 spotted the F engine changed by the 2F motor. Unusual for Toyota, the model did not changes.
Design 56 is in Japan best, with 2F engine.
The Land Cruiser 80 series ended up being launched in October 1989 at the Tokyo Motor program and launched during the early 1990. They had swing-out back once again doors, which were replaced by a winch home in 1994. The Land Cruiser is nicknamed the Burbuja in Colombia and Venezuela because roundness, nonetheless it had been formally circulated as Land Cruiser Autana in both region. The name are a reference toward Tepui mesa Autana, a spectacular plateau and cave program along the Guiana guard craton. Land Cruiser marketing hit 2 million automobiles.

1990 — The 80 series station wagon was introduced, changing the 60 series. All 80s sold in North America and European countries will have a full-time four-wheel drive program. In Japan, Africa, and Australian Continent, a part-time program is nonetheless available. 80s produced between 1990 and 1991 have an open centre differential which was lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO. From 1992 forward, vehicles with anti-lock brake system have a viscous coupling that delivered a maximum of 30% torque towards the non-slipping axle. The differential had been lockable in 4HI and instantly closed in 4LO.
1990 — A new generation of diesel machines were launched, contributing to the motors available in the 80 series. The 80 show included either a six-cylinder normally aspirated petrol system, a six-cylinder SOHC normally aspirated diesel engine,, or a 1HD-T direct injection turbo diesel.
1991 — By mid-1991 the ended up being launched towards the Australian market, a fuel injected form of the 3F.
1993 — An advanced 24-valve, 4.5 L six-cylinder petrol system, 1FZ-FE was launched. Larger brake system were included from October 1992 in addition to total wheelbase was made a little longer. Forward and rear axle lockers made an appearance as an alternative. The High Pinion Electric Locking front side differential come to be obtainable in United States versions. In-may 1993 Toyota began utilizing R134 refrigerant floating around fitness program. Serial data lower than JT3DJ81xxxxx38947 utilize R12 refrigerant.
1994 — A limited version Land Cruiser azure Marlin had been launched to the Australian marketplace. They've 4.5 L right 6 petrol engines with double-overhead webcams, automated or handbook transmission and 158 kW at 4600 rpm. The vehicle is blue from the Blue Marlin fish and they've got the Blue Marlin logo through the vehicle. Some of the qualities your azure Marlin included were altimeters, power house windows, disk brake system, fabric equipment knob and steering wheel, central locking, leather trim, chrome manages and sidesteps, 16" alloy rims, limited-slip differential, anti-lock brakes, energy steering, CD and cassette people, flares, and a small version bull club. Best 500 are made.
1995 — Driver and traveler airbags had been launched since are flexible shoulder-belt anchors and an anti-lock braking system. The "T O Y O T A" badge ended up being changed because of the contemporary Toyota logo design.
1996 — in Dakar Rally, a couple of Land Cruisers finished first and second when you look at the unmodified production lessons. All-american and Uk 80s adopted anti-lock brake system and airbags as standard equipment. The Land Cruiser was withdrawn from Canada this year and was changed because of the Lexus LX 450.
1997 — a small run of Land Cruiser 80s is built designed for enthusiasts therefore known as the Land Cruiser enthusiast's Edition. The enthusiasts Edition sported enthusiasts version badging, "enthusiast's Edition" embroidered floor mats, automated weather controls, wheels utilizing the "D" microsoft windows painted dark gray and special grey side moldings, and black pearl badging. The Collectors Edition was just readily available for the 1997 model year and also the bundle is included with most available body colors.
1997 — 4744 FZJ80 Land Cruisers had been sold in america as "40th Anniversary restricted Edition" systems. They certainly were obtainable in 2 tints; Antique Sage Pearl and Emerald Green. The 40th Anniversary models included apron badges, a serial quantity badge regarding center system, black pearl exterior badges, "40th Anniversary brief Edition" embroidered flooring mats, automatic environment controls, two-tone tan and brown leather interiors, and wheels using "D" house windows coated dark-gray. Many are made using recommended electric front and rear locking differentials, keyless entry, port-installed roofing racks, and operating boards. You can find instances that didn't have a majority of these extras. This is the a year ago when it comes to electric locking front differentials.
2008 — Last 80-Series automobile is integrated Venezuela that has been the sole country creating the vehicles after production ended in Japan in 1997.
The Toyota 1HZ try an engine produced by Toyota Motor business the Toyota Land Cruiser and also the Toyota Coaster coach of 1990. They replaced the prior durable motor which was getting used in elderly Toyota Land Cruiser designs. This motor produces even more energy and torque than previous diesel Toyota Land Cruiser engine. Even though higher level 1HD-FTE motor is being installed in current Toyota Land Cruiser manufacturing, the 1HZ continues to be being used under some customized designs of Toyota Land Cruiser for some markets. A well known engine into the 80 show Land Cruiser and replacing the 70/75 series 2H during the early 90s.
Variable-geometry turbochargers,, become a family group of turbochargers, typically designed to enable the effective aspect proportion associated with the turbo become modified as circumstances alter. This is done because optimum aspect ratio at reduced system speeds is very distinctive from that at high system speeds. If aspect proportion is too large, the turbo will are not able to develop increase at reduced speeds; if aspect proportion is too tiny, the turbo will choke the engine at high speeds, ultimately causing large exhaust manifold pressures, high pumping losses, and fundamentally lower energy output. By altering the geometry associated with the turbine housing once the engine accelerates, the turbo's aspect ratio is maintained at its maximum. As a result of this, VGTs need a minimal amount of lag, has a minimal boost limit, and therefore are really efficient at higher motor rates. VGTs don't require a wastegate.

VGTs are alot more typical on diesel engines whilst the lower fatigue temperatures imply they truly are less susceptible to failure. The few early gasoline-engine VGTs needed considerable pre-charge cooling to give the turbocharger lifetime to reasonable levels, but progress in material tech has enhanced their resistance into the high temperature of fuel motor exhaust and they've got started to appear increasingly in, e.g., gasoline-engined recreations automobiles.
In trucks, VG turbochargers may also be familiar with manage the ratio of exhaust recirculated back again to the motor inlet. Although excessive system backpressure are detrimental to general gasoline performance, making sure a sufficient EGR rate also during transient activities are enough to lessen nitrogen oxide emissions down to that required by emissions legislation.

Another utilize for sliding vane variety of turbocharger is as downstream system fatigue brake, in order that a supplementary exhaust throttle device isn't needed. In addition, the device can be intentionally customized to reduce the turbine performance in a predefined position. This mode could be chosen to maintain an increasing exhaust heat to promote "light-off" and "regeneration" of a diesel particulate filter. Actuation of a VG turbocharger for EGR flow control or even apply braking or regeneration modes generally requires hydraulic or electric servo actuation.
The diesel internal-combustion motor varies from the gasoline powered Otto cycle through the use of extremely squeezed hot-air to ignite the fuel as opposed to making use of a spark plug.

Into the real diesel engine, best environment are in the beginning introduced into the burning chamber. The air is then squeezed with a compression proportion usually between 15:1 and 22:1 resulting in 40-bar stress in comparison to 8 to 14 taverns into the petrol system. This high-compression heats air to 550 °C. At in regards to the top of the compression stroke, fuel is injected straight into the compressed-air when you look at the burning chamber. This may be into a void in the top of piston or a pre-chamber dependant on the look for the system. The fuel injector ensures that the gas try broken down into smaller droplets, which the gas are distributed uniformly. Heat of this compressed air vaporizes fuel from the exterior of this droplets. The vapour will be ignited because of the temperature from compressed air in the combustion chamber, the droplets continue to vaporise from their particular surfaces and burn, shrinking in size, until all of the gas inside droplets has-been burnt. The beginning of vaporisation triggers a delay period during ignition and the characteristic diesel slamming sound whilst the vapour hits ignition temperatures and causes an abrupt increase in force above the piston. The rapid expansion of burning fumes then pushes the piston downward, providing power to the crankshaft.

Plus the higher level of compression allowing combustion to happen without another ignition program, a high compression proportion considerably increases the engine's performance. Enhancing the compression proportion in a spark-ignition system in which gasoline and atmosphere were combined before entry into the cylinder is bound by the want to stop harmful pre-ignition. Since only environment are squeezed in a diesel system, and gasoline just isn't introduced into the cylinder until shortly before top dead-centre, early detonation is certainly not an issue and compression ratios are much greater.
Diesel engines may produced with two significantly different shot places. "Direct" and "Indirect". Indirect injected engines put the injector in a pre-combustion chamber in the head which as a result of thermal loss usually require a "glow plug" to start out and very high-compression proportion. Typically in the range of 21:1 to 23:1 ratio. Direct injected machines incorporate a generally donut shaped combustion chamber void on top for the piston. Thermal efficiency losings were considerably reduced in DI machines which facilitates a much lower compression ratio typically between 14:1 and 20:1 but most DI motors become nearer to 17:1. The direct injected process are much more internally violent and so needs careful build, plus powerful construction. The lower compression proportion furthermore brings challenges for emissions due to partial burn. Turbocharging is especially suitable for DI engines considering that the lowest compression proportion facilitates significant forced induction, as well as the rise in airflow permits acquiring further fuel efficiency not just from additional full burning, additionally from bringing down parasitic performance losses whenever correctly managed, by widening both power and efficiency curves. The violent combustion process of direct injection furthermore creates additional sounds, but modern design making use of "separate shot" injectors or close multi chance processes have actually considerably amended this issue by firing a tiny charge of fuel prior to the main shipments which pre-charges the burning chamber for a less abrupt and in most cases slightly cleaner burn.

A vital part of all diesel motors was a mechanical or electronic governor which regulates the idling speeds and maximum speed for the motor by controlling the rate of gasoline distribution. Unlike Otto-cycle machines, incoming air just isn't throttled and a diesel system without a governor cannot need a reliable idling rate and that can easily overspeed, leading to its destruction. Mechanically governed fuel injections techniques are driven because of the system's gear train. These techniques use a mix of springs and weights to regulate fuel distribution in accordance with both burden and rate. Todays digitally influenced diesel machines control gasoline shipping by using an electronic control module or electric control product. The ECM/ECU receives an engine speed sign, as well as other operating parameters such intake manifold pressure and gas temperature, from a sensor and controls the actual quantity of fuel and start of injection timing through actuators to maximise energy and performance and minimise emissions. Controlling the time of this start of shot of fuel into the cylinder are a key to reducing emissions, and making the most of fuel economy, of motor. The timing are calculated in quantities of crank perspective of piston before top dead centre. If the ECM/ECU initiates gas shot if the piston try 10° before TDC, the beginning of injection, or time, are said to be 10° BTDC. Ideal timing will depend on the system build as well as its speeds and burden, and it is frequently 4° BTDC in 1,350-6,000 HP, internet, "medium accelerate" locomotive, marine and stationary diesel engines.

Advancing the start of shot results in greater in-cylinder pressure and temperatures, and greater effectiveness, but also leads to increased system noise as a result of quicker cylinder force increase and increased oxides of nitrogen formation because greater combustion conditions. Delaying start of injections triggers partial burning, reduced fuel effectiveness and an increase in exhaust smoke, containing a considerable amount of particulate matter and unburned hydrocarbons.

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